Choosing a treatment program for yourself or a loved one suffering from addiction is a highly personal decision. There are a number of different types of treatment programs, and many different methods and philosophies used within each kind. Before choosing a treatment program, be sure to ask plenty of questions so you can determine which approach is most appropriate for you.
The most common types of treatment programs are:
- Residential Treatment Centers are standalone programs where patients stay within the addiction treatment facility full-time, under the care of a team of addiction professionals. Some residential treatment centers provide drug and alcohol detox, but not all programs offer this service in-house.
- Outpatient Treatment Programs provide therapeutic activities and interventions to help participants recover from substance abuse while they continue to live and work in their own communities.
- Long Term Residential Treatment or Extended Care are designed for people who have finished residential treatment but, for a variety of reasons-including relapse, continued drug-seeking behavior, and unresolved clinical issues-need additional residential treatment. Often these programs include a community-based work or volunteer component. The average length of stay is about 90 days.
- Hospital-Based Rehabilitation Units are located inside hospitals, and are best suited to people who struggle with addiction and have also developed chronic or acute medical or psychiatric problems. The focus is stabilizing the patient, not on long-term addiction treatment and education.
- Therapeutic Communities are residential programs that rely on the patient community (and not necessarily the staff) to implement change through mutual support, peer pressure and positive role models.
- Camps and Farms are highly controlled addiction treatment programs used to treat repeat substance abusers, and designed to break the cycle of addiction and criminal behavior.