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Subutex (buprenorphine)

Subutex is used to treat the side effects of opioid withdrawal. It acts upon the central nervous system and blocks the effects of opioids on neurotransmitters.

What is Subutex?

Subutex
Subutex

 

Buprenorphine is a semisynthetic partial opioid and an agonist-antagonist of the opioid receptors in the brain. It is an analgesic for pain. The properties of Subutex are the same as those of morphine. It binds to the receptors that have been affected by opioids. Subutex attaches to the brain’s opioid receptors and blocks other opioids from sticking to those receptors. Its partial agonist properties mean that it can activate the opioid receptors enough to stop a person from feeling sick but not enough to create a feeling of euphoria.

Uses of Buprenorphine

Buprenorphine was approved by the FDA in 2002 as a Schedule III narcotic to be used in opiate detox and to treat opioid dependence. It produces less respiratory depression symptoms and milder withdrawal symptoms than methadone, oxycodone, heroin, or morphine. Buprenorphine blocks the mu receptors in the brain, interfering with opioid interaction.

However, this drug also affects the kappa opioid receptors, those responsible for mood, and can create a feeling of well-being. For this reason, buprenorphine abuse can develop. It should be noted that buprenorphine in other forms is not approved for treatment of opioid addictions. Like Suboxone, Subutex can only be legally used to treat opiate dependence when prescribed by a trained physician. It has very specific uses during detox and opiate drug rehab. If a woman is in treatment and pregnant with substance abuse problem, Subutex is the drug of choice to treat her opioid detox. If the patient has an allergic reaction to Naloxone, which is also found in Suboxone, then Subutex can be substituted. The use of these drugs is for short-term treatment of opiate dependence as Subutex is addictive and will induce uncomfortable, sometimes painful, withdrawal symptoms.

Side Effects of Subutex

  • Confusion
  • Fatigue
  • Slurred speech
  • Agitation
  • Decrease in respiration
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Increased sweating
  • Back pain
  • Sleep problems
  • Anxiety

Looking For Treatment?

There are a variety of new drugs now available to help addicts stop using in conjunction with treatment. Recovery Connection coordinators will help you find a quality integrated medically monitored detox and drug and alcohol rehab program. Call 866-812-8231 now and get help today.

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